Free Civic Studies Lesson 11: The Office-Holder

How men and women are selected to work for the government.

Read the current chapter online: “The Office-Holder.”


Learn why United States people are called Americans:

Citizens of the United States often call their land America and themselves Americans….

The practice arose more than a century and a half ago, when the United States was the only independent nation on the Western Hemisphere. The complete official name of the country, the United States of America, was too long for everyday common use, so the shorter form, America, became accepted.

As for the people, it would not sound well to call them “United Statesans,” so the name Americans was generally used.

“Why are Untied States People Called Americans?” from The Book of Knowledge

Additional Resources

Theodore Roosevelt
Considered the “undisputed father of Federal Service.”

Office of Management and Budget
The five processes it carries out.

Office of Personnel Management Directors
Since the Pendleton Act.

Rotation in Office and the Spoils System
More from the Miller Center.


Diplomacy Explorer
Interactive that explores American embassies across the world.

Jackson and the Spoils System
Video from Khan Academy. (You may want to install an ad blocker before viewing.)

Units & Lesson Plans

Your Government and You
Civics download Teacher’s Guide with quiz from the U. S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Department. You’ll also want the Student Handout and Answer Key.

Citizenship in the Nation
Merit badge worksheet.

Notebooking Pages & Printables

Where Do State and Local Government Employees Work?
Download for notebook from the Census Bureau.

The Office-Holder Notebooking Pages
Our free and simple notebooking pages for copywork, narrations, dictations, or wrapping up.

Enjoy the entire series:
Free Civics Studies
Free Civics Studies: The Century Book for Young Americans

Create a website or blog at