{Free Nature Studies} Our Wonderful World XVIII: Friendly Trees

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{Free Nature Studies} Our Wonderful World XVIII: Friendly TreesFriendly Trees

We are in the third section of the book, Garden Life, covering plants in 12 lessons including how plants grow, flowers, roots, stems, leaves, wildflowers, pollination, trees, seeds, and wheat/bread.

Suggestions
  • An illustrated tree guide will be handy to have on hand for this lesson. You’ll find recommendations below.
  • Look in your illustrated tree guide, or in Trees Worth Knowing by Julia Ellen Rogers, or out your own front window, and decide which tree “you like best of all.” What about that particular tree makes it your favorite?
  • Add the trees mentioned in the lesson to your plant notebook: cherry, birch, sugar maple, elm, pepper, magnolia, cypress, palm, willow, white birch, apple, pear, plum, peach, walnut, beech, butternut, hickory, pine, larch, tamarack, and fir.
  • Read the poem “Birches” by Robert Frost.
  • Picture your favorite tree in each of the four seasons. Take a piece of paper and fold it into four sections. Label the sections spring, summer, fall and winter. Draw a picture of what your favorite tree looks like in each season. You’ll find helps in the resources below.
  • Make a list of trees used for food. You can use this guide from the University of Illinois to get you started. Look up each tree in The Plant Encyclopedia, and make a notebooking page for each.
  • Make a list of five articles around the house that are made from wood. Include what type of wood they are made from, and why that type of wood was chosen.
  • You can read about the Johnstown Flood at the Johnstown Area Heritage Association.
  • Research the benefits of trees, including soil conservation. (See resources below for help.)
  • Try the tree/water experiment with cuttings. Use one of these science experiment notebooking pages to record the results.
  • Jotham’s fable can be read in Judges 9:8-15.
  • Read Isaiah 61:3, and Matthew 7:18. Then copy Proverbs 20:11.
  • Something to do #1: You’ll find tree observation sheet and plant charts below.  Or just use a simple journal sheet to record your observations.
  • Something to do #2: Download the Celebrate Arbor Day Guidebook (see resources below).
  • Something to do #3: Read the story of “The Honorable Crimson Tree.”
  • Something to do #4: If you would like to draw favorite trees in your community, you might enjoy these tree-drawing instructions.
  • Something to do #5: Take a Tree Walk. See resources below for more information on this handy book.
  • Read the poem “Trees” by Alfred Joyce Kilmer.
  • Memorize Psalm 1:3 or Jeremiah 17:7,8 and use for copywork or dictation.
  • Read Psalm 92:12-14 out loud.
  • More about trees from the Book of Knowledge:

    A tall, spreading tree is one of the grandest sights in nature. However, the majestic oak or maple, the graceful elm, the somber spruce do not differ in the way they grow from small shrubs or from the lowliest herb or moss.For convenience, trees are often classed as evergreen and deciduous. Among the evergreens, the leaves fall singly throughout the year so that the tree is never bare. In general, the term “evergreen” is used for the cone-bearing trees, or conifers, such as the pine and the spruce. But some evergreen trees, such as the holly, are not cone-bearing; and some conifers, such as the larch and the bald cypress, are not evergreens but lose their leaves in winter.

    The deciduous trees are well known to us; the oak, the birch and the hickory, the elm and maple are all deciduous. They lose their leaves in the winter and grow fresh leaves in the spring. The deciduous trees are sometimes called hardwoods. In some cases their wood, as in the oak, is indeed very hard, but in some of them — like the poplar, the basswood or the tulip tree — the wood is soft. Deciduous trees are broad-leaved.

    “The Life of a Tree,” The Book of Knowledge

  • Plants
    Ready to go outdoors? The Handbook of Nature Study covers trees beginning on page 618, and continuing through page 692. The beginning pages cover the parts of a tree, the way a tree grows, and how to begin a tree study. Then follow guidelines for investigating specific types of trees.
Additional Resources

Types of Trees
Basic classifications by duration of leaf, flowers and branching.

Why Leaves Change Color
Discusses the four pigments and other info.

How Does a Tree Grow?
Answers from Butler University in Indiana.

Benefits of Trees and Forests in Communities
A list of benefits in five different areas from the Alaska Department of Natural Resources.

Wood You Believe We Get So Much From Trees?
A list of products from wood from the Idaho Forest Products Commission.

Tree Guide
From the Arbor Day Foundation. (Be sure to click on “Show All” to see all of the information for each tree.)

 

Activities

Forest Academy
Fun interactive packed with information. Find out about a tree’s cycle of life (through the four seasons), trees in our lives (benefits we derive from trees), and basic tree knowledge.

Make Four Season Trees
Simple activity that illustrates how a deciduous tree looks in each of the four seasons.

National Tree Benefit Calculator
Want to know what benefits a particular tree in your area provides? (Be sure to click on each of the tabs at the top for each tree.)

Grow a Tree
Instructions from the BBC.

 

Books

coverNational Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees
There are others to choose from, but with several on the shelf, this one gets the lion’s share of use. Also available in Western edition.

Trees Worth Knowing by Julia Ellen Rogers
Nicely illustrated public domain download.

Tree Guide: Trees East of the Rockies by Julia Ellen Rogers
By the same author, a small public-domain identification guide.

coverTake a Tree Walk by Jane Kirkland
A book that guides you through a tree walk: what to take, identifying trees, mapping, ideas for things to do, and recording your observations (some forms provided).

coverThe World of Plants by Dinah Zike
Dinah Zike was known for her foldables before lapbooks became popular. In this book she incorporates that learning tool with learning about plants. Includes 24 complete lessons including templates, activities, the scientific method and suggestions for further activities and research. You’ll find the table of contents and an example lesson at the publisher’s website. Lessons are included that cover deciduous trees, tree trunks and roots, and why deciduous leaves change color.

 

Units & Lesson Plans

How Trees Work for Us
Lesson plan that explores the benefits and products we receive from trees.

Tree Observation and Identification
Lesson plan from the Central Park Conservancy.

Celebrate Arbor Day Guidebook
24-page download from the Arbor Day Foundation that includes the history of Arbor Day, ideas for celebrating the day, classroom activities (most are adaptable to a home setting), information on how to plant a tree, poetry, songs, quotes, and a bibliography for those seeking more information.

Identifying Trees and Developing a Class Herbarium
Lesson plan for a tree walk lab with helpful charts and checklist downloads from the USDA Forest Service.

 

Notebooking Helps

An Apple Tree Through the Seasons of the Year
Printout to color and label from Enchanted Learning.

Life Cycles of Conifers
Illustrated diagram for notebook.

Meet the Conifers
Nature journal page from Ranger Rick.

Tree Identification Chart
“Simple” way to identify a type of tree.

Plant Growth Monitoring
Plant growth charts.

My Tree
Wonderful 8-page download that includes notebooking pages for basic identification information, drawing the tree in the four seasons, journaling, leaf and bark rubbings, and charting the growth of a favorite tree chosen for observation.

coverPlants & Trees Nature Study Notebooking Pages
This 52-page download is not free, but it is a relatively inexpensive option for those who would like a set of pages covering trees, leaves, seeds, and flowers — all included in this book study.  A great feature of this particular set are the diagrams and labeling activities included:  tree anatomy; layers of the tree trunk; twig anatomy; anatomy and types of leaves; leaf arrangements, venation, margins, and shapes; cones, fruits and nuts; and parts of a flower.  A perfect go-along!

 

Enjoy the complete series:

Free Nature Studies: Our Wonderful World

 

 

 

 

 

 

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