Butterflies and Moths
We’re in Part I of the book, Back-Yard Neighbors, which covers earthworms, ants, spiders, honey bees, and butterflies and moths.
- Capture butterflies and observe their life cycle. There are several options. 1. Capture the butterfly and keep it until it lays eggs as described in the lesson. 2. If possible, capture a black swallowtail butterfly as described in the Handbook of Nature study on page 303. 3. Capture a monarch butterfly as described in the Handbook of Nature Study on pg. 308. 4. Order a kit that provides all you need to safely raise butterflies. See resources below for the one we have used several times with success.
- Find a chrysalis to bring into the house in a safe, netted cage and watch what comes out. Take care; this is a bit more tricky to accomplish.
- Investigate the different types of butterflies. Make a chart showing their similarities and differences, where they are typically found, what they eat, where they lay their eggs, what their chrysalis looks like, and include a picture of the adult butterfly.
- Compare and contrast butterflies and moths. Many of the differences were pointed out in the lesson. Use a compare and contrast map.
- Make a list of the different ways butterflies defend themselves.
- Make a butterfly garden that attracts butterflies throughout the growing season. You’ll find plans and ideas in the resources below.
- Something to do #1: Robert Graves’ poem “The Caterpillar” can be found in his 1918 poetry book, Fairies and Fusiliers.
- Something to do #2: There are many patterns online to help with making the Easter card. Here is just one idea.
- Something to do #3, 4, & 5: Keep a butterfly observation sheet. You can add to it throughout your entire life! Very nice observation forms are included in the Butterfly Lapbook listed in the resources below. You can also use this Butterfly Observation Form that also includes space for the stage of the butterfly (you might want to design your own form using this one as an example, but listing butterflies common to your area).
- Something to do #6: The narration exercise can be written in the notebook for older students or told by a younger student and transcribed by Mom, then placed in the notebook. Older students may be interested in substituting a more encyclopedia-type essay.
- Something to do #7: You’ll find butterfly notebooking pages below.
- Read “The Example” by W.M. Davies.
- Read “A Caterpillar’s Apology for Eating a Favorite Gladiolus” by Charles Dalmon.
- Use the Bible verse listed for copywork or dictation.
- More of the butterfly’s story from the Book of Knowledge:
Human genius has never invented anything lovelier than a butterfly, nor anything so wonderful. In the lore and legend of the ancients, in the fairy tales beloved by us all, nothing exceeds the surprise, the startling succession from repulsiveness to dainty charm, of this creature’s strange career.
It is a delightful fact that any child may observe for himself the entire amazing life-cycle of these little wonder people of the gardens and the wilds. You can see it all, and if you have a camera you can photograph each step in this wonderful life-story. It begins with the tiny egg which the mother butterfly or moth deposits upon a branch (each kind seems to prefer its own special kind of plant, or tree). From the egg hatches a tiny wormlike grub, which grows into a caterpillar with an enormous appetite. You can feed it with its favorite leaves and watch it grow too big for its skin. You can take pictures as it spins a case around itself, and goes to sleep. One day, you can see the covering of the case split open. Out comes a winged thing of the air, lovely as a floating flower — a perfect butterfly or moth.
Men who have studied the subject all their lives have sought to classify the eggs, in the hope of recognizing species by them, but the attempt fails. Take the eggs from their natural surroundings and mix them with others, and they are hopeless as a guide….
The ugly word Lepidoptera is the scientific name given to the whole order of moths and butterflies. It tells in a single group of letters the magic of the butterfly’s glories. All these insects have their wings covered with scales, and the scientific name means “scale-winged”….
The color we seem to see on these glittering wings is not pigment; it is the effect of light reflected by the scales as if they were so many tiny diamonds. The colors rival those of the most gorgeous humming-bird, the vainest peacock, the gayest flower; and all this brilliance of color is only the effect of light. Butterfly beauty is indeed light shattered on scales too fine for the unaided eye to see apart from one another.
“Butterflies and Moths,” The Book of Knowledge
- Butterflies and Moths
Ready to go outdoors? The Handbook of Nature study covers butterflies and moths beginning on page 302.
Complete Life Cycle of the Monarch Butterfly
Produced for the Chicago Nature Museum.
How to Find Butterfly Eggs
Explanation and photos.
Insect Lore Live Butterfly Garden
For those who want an observation “kit,” this includes everything you need to raise painted-lady butterflies. We have had great success with these. You do need to send in the certificate to have the live larvae mailed to you for a small processing fee. The butterfly tent that is included is reusable.
Creating a Butterfly Garden
These plans from the University of Minnesota are nicely detailed.
Butterfly Life Cycle
Interactive way to learn about the butterfly life cycle. From Sheppard Software.
Interactive activity on one of the moth’s/butterfly’s defenses.
Create your own butterfly and determine how it will protect itself from predators. A Scholastic Magic Schoolbus activity.
Butterfly Science Projects
These projects from Home Science Tools include instructions on how to capture and care for caterpillars until they turn into butterflies, make a butterfly feeder, and observe symmetry.
How to sculpt a butterfly out of clay. From Crayola.
Count how many butterflies and find the two that match from Ranger Rick Jr.
The Butterfly and Moth Coloring Book
Black and white images to color along with the painted original.
The Butterfly Alphabet Book by Jerry Pallotta
A personal favorite. One butterfly for each letter of the alphabet. Beautifully illustrated. (If you enjoy this one, you won’t be disappointed in the Icky Bug Book.)
Butterflies Worth Knowing by Clarence M. Weed
Beautiful book in the public domain. The first part of the book provides helpful information about butterflies including butterfly transformations, migrations, colorations, defense mechanisms, how to rear butterflies from caterpillars, and how to photograph butterflies, among other topics. The second part of the book illustrates the different butterfly families with 32 color plates to help with identification. Part of the Little Nature Library published in 1922.
Butterflies and Moths by William S. Furneaux
Another public domain work, but more advanced for the older student. Classification information included. Helpful illustrations will aid in notebook creation.
41-page download from Homeschool Share. Includes background information, book list, foldables, observation charts, and copywork pages.
Butterfly Life Cycle
Nice printout for notebook from Enchanted Learning.
Another nice printout for notebook from Enchanted Learning.
Nature journal page from Ranger Rick.
Butterfly Poems for Copywork
Copywork pages already set up for you that include “The Caterpillar” by Christina Rossetti, and “To a Butterfly” by William Wordsworth.
Butterfly Notebooking Pages
Beautifully illustrated set of ten butterfly notebooking pages for narrations and wrapping up.
Enjoy the complete series: