Before being settled, Delaware was the home to the Lenni Lenape, and the Nanticoke Indian tribes. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in Delaware in 1631; however, this settlement was destroyed by local Indians and the settlers killed. The Dutch again settled in 1651 establishing a fort at the site of present day New Castle. The Dutch were conquered by an English fleet under orders from the Duke of York, who later leased his holdings to William Penn so that the province of Pennsylvania could have access to the sea. That same year Penn established representative government for his holdings in Pennsylvania and Delaware.
By the summer of 1776 sides had been taken on the soon-to-come conflict between the British and self-rule. The Delaware Colonial Assembly declared its independence from both British and Pennsylvania rule on June 15, 1776 — days before the anticipated signing of the Declaration of Independence.
On August 27, 1776, the State Constitutional Convention met in New Castle abiding by legislation passed by the general assembly. The ten elected members per county preceded to write the state constitution. Outlined in the new document was the creation of a second house of legislature and the creation of an executive privy counsel, chaired by a president. The privy counsel replaced the proprietary governor put in place by William Penn. This new structure was the compromise decided upon by the state constitutional convention to minimize potential misuse of executive authority at the highest level of state government.
On this day, September 20, 1776, at hazard to life and limb of the representatives, the state constitution of Delaware was adopted and put into effect.
After hostilities ended with Britain, on December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution, earning the title “First State.” The following words were used in the ratification, “We, the deputies of the people of the Delaware state, in Convention met, having taken in our serious consideration the Federal Constitution proposed and agreed upon by the deputies of the United States in a General Convention held at the city of Philadelphia, on the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, have approved, assented to, ratified, and confirmed, and by these presents do, in virtue of the power and authority to us given, for and in behalf of ourselves and our constituents, fully, freely, and entirely approve of, assent to, ratify, and confirm, the said Constitution.”
Delaware is located in the northeastern part of the Delmarva Peninsula on the east coast of the United States and is arranged into three counties – New Castle, Kent, and Sussex. The topography of the state is fairly level, as Delaware is primarily located on the plains between the Chesapeake Bay on the west, and the Delaware river, Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean on the east. The state rises only 450 feet above sea level at the highest point, and it is only 35 miles across at its widest point. Although the state is the second smallest state in the union (after Rhode Island) it ranks sixth in population density.
Delaware is bordered by Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland. Its northern border with Pennsylvania was originally defined as a 12-mile circular arc section originating at the cupola on the courthouse in New Castle, making it the only one of its kind in the United States.
Delaware’s climate is fairly moderate since it is located on the Atlantic coastal plain, but it varies significantly over its small size as one travels inland away from the Atlantic Ocean to the north. Due to this climatic diversity, it also contains a diverse ecological environment with mixed oak forests in the northern part of the state and bald cypress trees in the south. The highest recorded temperature was 110°F in Millsboro on July 21, 1930, and the record low -17°F also in Millsboro on January 17, 1893.
The economy consists primarily of government (state, education, military), banking, chemical manufacturing, technology, and chicken farming. Dover Air Force Base located near Dover is one of the largest employers in the state and is one of the largest Air Force bases in the country. The chemical industry has employed a great number of people through the years with Wilmington being known as the “chemical capital.” Wilmington is still headquarters for the E.I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company. Due to business-friendly corporation laws, Delaware has incorporated over 63% of the Fortune 500 companies. Lastly, while having two Amtrak train stations, Delaware is the only state in the United States not to be serviced by a commercial air carrier.
Label the following on a map of Delaware (see Notebooking Helps below):
- The capital of Delaware
- New Castle
- The Delaware River
- The Atlantic Ocean
- The bordering states
- Cooch’s Bridge Battlefield
- State Symbols of Delaware
- State License Plate
- State Flag and State Flag Information
- State Quarter
- State Bird
- State Seal
Delaware State History
From the official Delaware State government site.
Delaware History Timeline
From the Delaware Historical Society.
Delaware’s Government – The Road to Independence
The state’s interesting history around the time of the American Revolution.
Constitution of Delaware: 1776
The state constitution adopted on this day in 1776. Some may be particularly interested in Article 22.
National, state and local Delaware elected officials.
Cook up something the Delaware way!
Delaware Map and Quiz Printout
U.S. State Template
Make your own state brochure using these suggestions.
USA Map Puzzle
Free download from Owl & Mouse Software.
Interactive Map Maker
Make and label your own map of Delaware.
Units & Lesson Plans
My State – Free Unit Study
A recommended state study unit that covers civics, history, geography, language arts, applied math, science, and art, culminating in a personalized state notebook. We have also included additional go-along resources.
State History and Outline Projects
A wealth of original ideas and projects for making any state study a work of art!
Studying the 50 United States
Suggestions for a unit on any state from LearningTreasures.com.
My State Notebook
From A Beka. “A basic guide to help students collect and learn the facts that are unique to their state as well as beginning research skills.”
Civics Activity Book
Also from A Beka, but written for a higher level than the above title, this activity book guides state research “in a study of national, state, and local government with a brief overview of the Constitution and a variety of interesting activity sheets. In addition to government, students also study the history, geography, and other characteristics of their state and local areas.” We have enjoyed many of the activities in this book, which include writing letters to state officials, researching the state history and other activities.
The Big Book of the United States by Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company.
If you can find this now out-of-print title, you are in for a treat. Covering each state, nearly 400 pages of information are provided including basic facts, symbols, interesting facts, attractions, cultural events and sites, history, where to write for more information, activities and blackline masters of the state flag and map outline. Excellent help in creating a U.S. notebook.
- Interactive Physical Map
- Physical Map
- Elevation Map
- County Map
- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations
- Time Zone Map
- Blank Outline Map for Labeling
Delaware State Facts
- State Flag Sheet
- State Bird & Flower Sheet
- State Flower Sheet
- State Bird Sheet
- State Coloring Page (Combined facts and symbols)
State Facts Notebooking Page
Very nice 2-page download for recording state facts from Notebooking Nook.
U.S. States and Capitals Map
Color Delaware and write in the capital.